Militant extremists executed up to thirty-thousand surrendered soldiers and civilians along a single stretch of desolate highway between Iraq and Kuwait.
The extremist group calls itself USA – United States of America. The year was 1991, and this massacre came to be know as the “Highway of Death”…
Through the 1980s and into 1990, the US, Iraq under Hussein, and Europe were joined together as an Axis and were attacking Iran and committing genocide against Kurdistan, killing hundreds of thousands of people, many thousands with gas and chemical weapons provided by the US and Europe. (The US also stocked Hussein with conventional weapons, attack helicopters, etc., and provided him diplomatic, political, and intelligence support.)
In 1990, the brutal regime of former CIA colonel Bush Sr. ran covert slant-drilling operations from Kuwait into Iraq, stealing Iraq’s oil and further inflaming Iraqi claims on Kuwaiti territory.
The Bush Sr. regime then gave the green light for Iraq to invade Kuwait to stop the slant-drilling and settle its territorial claims. Hussein, thinking he was still partnered with the US, invaded Kuwait and met little resistance from that country. The Kuwaiti government estimates that 300 Kuwaitis were killed, or about 7.5% of the number of people killed by Bush Sr.’s illegal invasion of Panama.
Bush Sr. then brought his plan to fruition: he double-crossed his long-time comrade in arms, Saddam, and spread crude propaganda that Iraqis were executing Kuwaiti babies. The claims were, in standard procedure, spouted through Western media outlets, but were later revealed as coordinated lies: not only did the event not occur, but the “eye witness” behind them was a member of the Kuwaiti royal family coordinating with a Western public relations firm, and had been nowhere near any Kuwaiti hospital.
Nevertheless, the orchestrated pretext succeeded, once further greased by outright US bribery of leaders who then agreed to sign on as backers and help gain a UN fig leaf. “Wimpy” Bush Sr. “moved vigorously to block all diplomatic efforts” from countries including Russia and Iraq itself, violating the “obligation mandating the peaceful resolution of international disputes found in article 2, paragraph 3 of the United Nations Charter; in article 33, paragraph 1 of the United Nations Charter; and in article 2 of the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928.”
Instead, Bush, “like the Nazi war criminals before him … pursued recourse to war as an instrument of his national policy” and began his “techno-blitz”.
In a moment, Hussein had gone from treasured co-tyrant and “moderate”, to punching bag / pretext. US media turned on a dime, smoothing, for the public, the jarring 180 degree shift, and instantly vilified Hussein for crimes that, compared to the crimes he had just carried out with the US and Europe against Iran and the Kurds, were practically nonexistent.
The US, to virtually zero resistance from Iraqi forces, planted and detonated several million tons of explosives in Iraq, more than half in densely populated civilian cities.
The US spread millions of cluster munitions, the most densely saturated cluster-bombing ever perpetrated. It used weapons made from radioactive nuclear waste, which are now banned by 155 countries and openly advocated only by the US, UK, France, and Israel. The US later refused to treat its own soldiers poisoned and wounded by these materials.
The swift US terrorist massacre of tens of thousands easily succeeded, and Iraqi forces, in compliance with UN Resolution 660, surrendered and retreated from Kuwait, along with many civilians trying to escape the explosions.
However, leaders of the US death cult had yet to satisfy some evil, primal urge for total, ruinous domination, which they demonstrated in, for example, Japan, when, after nuking the civilian cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the USA continued to bomb Japan with a thousand planes at once in a gratuitous showcase of human sadism.
So, the US leaders demanded, in grave violation of the Geneva Conventions, the execution of the surrendered Iraqi soldiers, along with any civilians who happened to be nearby: “Thousands [of the dead] were civilians of all ages, including Kuwaitis, Iraqis, Palestinians, Jordanians and other nationalities.”
The USA, with even the British refusing to participate, turned the highway into a writhing cauldron of earth scorched black, blackened, twisted shells of blasted vehicles, and charred body parts of up to 30,000 souls “literally shot in the back”. Approximately 250,000 people were killed in the overall US operation, thousands of them surrendered soldiers, and about half civilians.
In his masculine glory, who could now call the former CIA colonel a “wimp”?
But the carnage was still nowhere near enough for the US extremist group, which bombed Iraq tens of thousands of times more and implemented a terrorist blockade that UN authorities referred to as “genocidal”, killing millions of civilians, before an aggressive US invasion in 2003 that killed millions more and, as predicted by the US itself, drove the region into the utter chaos that continues today.
Bush Sr.’s blitz had succeeded as a show of absolute terror, and it also allowed the US to establish its planned massive military presence in the region for future aggression and resource-control.
For its crimes, the Bush Sr. regime was investigated by an independent Commission for Inquiry for the International War Crimes Tribunal. The tribunal found that the US “intentionally bombed and destroyed civilian life” and “intentionally bombed indiscriminately throughout Iraq.”
Dr. Francis Boyle, J.D. Harvard Law School, Ph.D. Political Science, Harvard University, lists the international law violations by the US during its Gulf operations:
- the three Nuremberg Offences:
- the Nuremberg Crime Against Peace, that is waging an aggressive war and a war in violation of international treaties and agreements
- Nuremberg Crimes Against Humanity
- Nuremberg War Crimes
- these Defendants also committed grievous war crimes by wantonly violating:
- the Hague Regulations on Land Warfare of 1907
- the Declaration of London on Sea Warfare of 1909
- the Hague Draft Rules of Aerial Warfare of 1923
- the Four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their two Additional Protocols of 1977
- the international crimes of Genocide against the People of Iraq as defined by the International Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crimes of Genocide of 1948 as well as by the United States’ own Genocide Convention Implementation Act of 1987
- Finally, and most heinously of all, these Defendants actually perpetrated a Nuremberg Crime against their own troops when they forced them to take experimental biological weapons vaccines without their informed consent in gross violation of the Nuremberg Code on Medical Experimentation that has been fully subscribed to by the United States government.
Dr. Boyle also notes that:
Most of the targets were civilian facilities. The United States intentionally bombed and destroyed centres for civilian life, commercial and business districts, schools, hospitals, mosques, churches, shelters, residential areas, historical sites, private vehicles and civilian government offices. In aerial attacks, including strafing, over cities, towns, the countryside and highways, United States aircraft bombed and strafed indiscriminately. The purpose of these attacks was to destroy life and property, and generally to terrorise the civilian population of Iraq. The net effect was the summary execution and corporal punishment indiscriminately of men, women and children, young and old, rich and poor, of all nationalities and religions.
The intention and effort of this bombing campaign against civilian life and facilities was to systematically destroy Iraq’s infrastructure leaving it in a pre-industrial condition. The U.S. assault left Iraq in near apocalyptic conditions as reported by the first United Nations observers after the war.
When it was determined that the civilian economy and the military were sufficiently destroyed, the U.S. ground forces moved into Kuwait and Iraq attacking disorientated, disorganised, fleeing Iraqi forces wherever they could be found, killing thousands more and destroying any equipment found. In one particularly shocking manoeuvre, thousands of Iraqi soldiers were needlessly and illegally buried alive. This wholesale slaughter of Iraqi soldiers continued even after and in violation of the so-called cease-fire.
Napalm was used against civilians and military personnel…
Before the war started, the Pentagon had developed computer models that accurately predicted the environmental catastrophe that would occur should the United States go to war against Iraq. These Defendants went to war anyway knowing full well what the consequences of such an environmental disaster would be.
Defendant Bush Intentionally Deprived the Iraqi People of Essential Medicines, Potable Water, Food and Other Necessities
Towards those ends, the Defendants:
– imposed and enforced embargoes preventing the shipment of needed medicines, water purifiers, infant milk formula, food and other supplies; – froze funds of Iraq and forced other nations to do so, depriving Iraq of the ability to purchase needed medicines, food and other supplies; – preventing international organisations, governments and relief agencies from providing needed supplies and obtaining information concerning such needs; – failed to assist or meet urgent needs of huge refugee populations and interfered with efforts of others to do so, etc.
For these actions, the Defendants are guilty of Nuremberg Crimes Against Humanity and the Crime of Genocide as recognised by international law and U.S. domestic law.
And, by way of background, Dr. Boyle notes:
During the course of the Carter administration, the United States government obtained authorization from Congress to set up, arm, equip, and supply the so-called Rapid Deployment Force (RDF), whose primary mission was to seize and steal the Arab oil-fields of the Persian Gulf region. So the planning and preparations for the U.S. war against Iraq go all the way back to the so-called “liberal” Carter administration – at the very least.
Additionally, Dr. Noam Chomsky points out that Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait was similar to the USA’s invasion and annexation of Texas, in that Hussein was attempting to control oil, and the US, cotton. However, he notes, Hussein’s territorial claims stemmed from imperial Britain’s drawing of Iraq’s borders to block Iraqi access to the sea, while US claims on Texas were, in addition to racial superiority, based on US fears that nearby independent states posed a threat to the thriving institution of US slavery.
Chomsky also notes that while Hussein paid reparations to Kuwait, the US patently refuses (still) to pay much larger reparations that the highest court in the world, the International Court of Justice, demanded, in 1986, that the US pay to Nicaragua for illegally attacking it and killing the US per-capita equivalent of approximately 2.5 million citizens.
The predators who demanded these crimes remain at large.
If US citizens are truly disgusted by the execution of surrendered soldiers and civilians, there are people much closer than the Middle East whose arrests and trials must be demanded and carried out.
We are allowing our state gang to run amok over the planet. Are we going to take responsibility?
Robert Barsocchini is a researcher focusing on global force dynamics. He also writes professionally for the film industry. Here is his blog. Also see his free e-book, Whatever it Takes – Hillary Clinton’s Record of Support for War and other Depravities. Click here to follow Robert and his UK-based colleague, Dean Robinson, on Twitter.
Johnson, Chalmers. Nemesis: The Last Days of the American Republic. New York: Henry Holt &, 2008. Print.
“also stocked Hussein with”; “eye witness”
Boggs, Carl. The Crimes of Empire: Rogue Superpower and World Domination. London: Pluto, 2010. Print.
“thirty-thousand”; “outright bribery of leaders”; “techno-blitz”; “to virtually zero resistance”; “For its crimes”; “intentionally bombed and destroyed civilian life” and “intentionally bombed indiscriminately throughout Iraq.”
Parenti, Michael. Against Empire. San Francisco: City Lights, 1995. Print.
“covertly ran slant-drilling operations”; “Bush Sr. regime then gave the green-light”
Boyle, Francis. “US War Crimes During the Gulf War.” CounterPunch. 2 Sept. 2002. Web. 30 Oct. 2014.
“Bush Sr. regime then gave the green-light”; “The Kuwaiti government estimates”; “obligation mandating the peaceful resolution”; “like the Nazi war criminals”; “retreated from Kuwait”; “grave violation”; “civilians of all ages”; “250,000”; “resource-control”; “lists the international law violations”; “also notes that”
Boyle, Francis. “US Sponsored Genocide Against Iraq 1990-2012. Killed 3.3 Million, Including 750,000 Children.” Global Research. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2014.
“killing millions of civilians”; “killed millions more”
Chomsky, Noam. Failed States: The Abuse of Power and the Assault on Democracy. New York: Metropolitan /Henry Holt, 2007. Print.
“whose borders had been created”; “same logic the US used to annex Texas”; “stemmed from Britain’s drawing of Iraq’s borders”; “US claims on Texas were based on”
Chomsky, Noam. “The Gulf Crisis.” The Gulf Crisis, by Noam Chomsky. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2014.
“committing genocide against Kurdistan”; The lecture discusses how the US has been an accomplice in at least two genocides against the Kurds, first under Reagan/Bush Sr., then Clinton, and advises the Kurds to be extremely wary of the United States.
Chomsky, Noam. “; Shocked and Horrified. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2014.
“literally shot in the back”
Swanson, David. “U.S. Sends Planes Armed With Depleted Uranium to Middle East.” Washington’s Blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2014.
“banned by 155 countries”
Barsocchini, Robert. “Why Bush Censored Discovery of Chemical Weapons in Iraq.”Washingtons Blog. Web. 30 Oct. 2014.
“Through the 1980s and into 1990”
Barsocchini, Robert. “Hillary Clinton Confirms Commitment to Democracy by Acknowledging Role in Overthrow of Honduran Democracy.”Washington’s Blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2014.
“US patently refuses”; “US per-capita equivalent”